Dental care with
Soothe + Clean Dog Toothpaste
Regular teeth cleaning can have significant benefits for dogs' oral and overall health. It is the challenge for veterinary professionals to effectively communicate the importance of dental hygiene to our clients and encourage pet owners to maintain their animal’s oral health.
Why is Shy Tiger’s “Soothe + Clean Dog Toothpaste” so great?
Pet care products using natural and organic ingredients have become increasingly popular among pet owners. Many pet owners wish to avoid using products that contain synthetic preservatives, artificial flavours and additives, which can lead to poor compliance.
Using a natural dog toothpaste can address these concerns by providing a more appealing alternative to conventional toothpaste. Shy Tiger toothpaste contains natural ingredients, such as plant extracts and essential oils, that are beneficial for maintaining good oral hygiene in dogs.
Furthermore, natural toothpaste may have more appealing flavours and textures that can make brushing a more enjoyable experience for both the dog and the owner. This can lead to improved compliance and ultimately better oral health outcomes for the dog.
Overall, natural dog toothpaste can be a great option for pet owners who are looking for a safe and appealing alternative to conventional toothpaste. By offering natural toothpaste options, veterinary professionals can better meet the needs and preferences of their clients, leading to improved client satisfaction and better overall oral health for their patients.
What are the powerful natural ingredients?
Cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) hydrosol
Cinnamon bark hydrosol, derived from the steam distillation of Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark, has been shown to have antimicrobial properties that can help promote oral health in dogs. Cinnamon bark hydrosol is used due to its antimicrobial, antioxidant, and palatability-enhancing properties.
Cinnamon bark hydrosol contains a variety of compounds, including cinnamaldehyde, eugenol, and cinnamic acid, which have been shown to exhibit antibacterial and antifungal activity against various oral pathogens. A 2017 study found that cinnamon bark hydrosol was effective in inhibiting the growth of various bacteria commonly found in the oral cavity, including Streptococcus mutans, a key contributor to tooth decay in both humans and animals.
In addition to its antimicrobial properties, cinnamon bark hydrosol also contains antioxidants, which can help protect against oxidative damage to oral tissues. A 2007 study found that cinnamon bark extract was able to significantly reduce oxidative stress in rats with periodontitis, suggesting that it could also have similar benefits for dogs (Omidbeygi et al., 2007).
Another benefit of cinnamon bark hydrosol is its ability to improve the palatability of dog toothpaste. Cinnamon has a natural sweet flavour, which can make toothpaste more appealing to dogs and increase their acceptance of regular tooth brushing.
Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) essential oil
Cardamom essential oil is used due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects, along with its pleasant taste and aroma, which make it an ideal addition to dog toothpaste.
Cardamom essential oil is derived from the seeds of the Elettaria cardamomum plant, which is a member of the ginger family. It is well-known for its pleasant aroma and taste, but also for its potential therapeutic properties, including antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Several studies have shown that cardamom essential oil has antimicrobial activity against a wide range of bacteria, including those commonly found in the oral cavity, such as Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis and Actinomyces viscosus.
cardamom essential oil was found to be effective in inhibiting the growth of these bacteria, which are known to be associated with dental caries and periodontal disease (Rathore et al., 2013).
Cardamom essential oil has been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce inflammation in the gums and prevent the development of periodontal disease.
In a study published in the, cardamom essential oil was found to significantly reduce gingival inflammation and bleeding in patients with chronic periodontitis (Kataria et al., 2019).
Cardamom essential oil has a pleasant taste and aroma, which can help improve the palatability of dog toothpaste and encourage dogs to accept regular brushing.
Coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum) essential oil
Coriander seed essential oil is extracted from the dried fruits of the coriander plant, and it is well-known for its medicinal properties, including antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Several studies have shown that coriander seed essential oil has potent antimicrobial activity against a wide range of bacteria, including those that are commonly found in the oral cavity, such as Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis and Actinomyces viscosus.
In a study published in 2015, researchers found that coriander seed essential oil exhibited significant antibacterial activity against oral pathogens, including S. mutans and S. sanguinis (Bag & Chattopadhyay 2015).
A study published in the Journal of Essential Oil Research found that coriander seed essential oil was effective in inhibiting the growth of , which is known to be associated with periodontal disease (Rathore, Gupta & Prakash, 2013).
Coriander seed essential oil also has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce inflammation in the gums and prevent the development of periodontal disease.
In a study published in the Journal of Medicinal Food, researchers found that coriander seed essential oil was effective in reducing inflammation in rats with induced periodontitis (Prasad et al., 2016).
Furthermore, coriander seed essential oil has a pleasant taste and aroma, which can help improve the palatability of dog toothpaste and encourage dogs to accept regular brushing.
Lemon myrtle (Backhousia citriodora) essential oil
A study conducted by Souza et al. (2021) evaluated the antimicrobial activity of lemon myrtle essential oil against bacteria that cause periodontal disease in dogs. The results showed that lemon myrtle essential oil exhibited significant antibacterial activity against all tested strains, including Actinomyces viscosus, Streptococcus mutans, and Porphyromonas gingivalis.
A study by Joshi et al. (2013) demonstrated that lemon myrtle essential oil inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokines in human gingival fibroblasts, indicating its potential as an anti-inflammatory agent in periodontal disease.
It has been shown to be effective against a wide range of bacteria, including those that cause dental plaque and bad breath in dogs (Kim et al., 2018).
Spearmint (Mentha spicata) essential oil
Studies have shown that spearmint essential oil has potent antimicrobial activity against various bacteria and fungi, including those that cause oral infections in dogs such as Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum (Kfoury M, et al. 2021; Abadi et al., 2020).
anti-inflammatory properties - by inhibiting the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which can help in reducing inflammation in the oral cavity (Kim et al., 2018).
provides a refreshing taste and aroma to the toothpaste, which can encourage dogs to accept the toothpaste and enjoy the brushing experience.
Other functional ingredients to aid dental care:
Calcium carbonate is a common ingredient in dog toothpaste due to its abrasive, neutralising, and mineralising properties. This compound is a naturally occurring mineral and is one of the most abundant minerals on earth. It is composed of calcium, carbon, and oxygen.
One of the primary benefits of calcium carbonate in dog toothpaste is its mild abrasive action. This abrasive action helps to remove plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth. Plaque is a sticky biofilm composed of bacteria, food debris, and other substances that form on the teeth. If left untreated, plaque can lead to periodontal disease, a common dental disease in dogs. Tartar is the hard deposit that forms on the teeth when plaque is not removed. The abrasiveness of calcium carbonate helps to prevent the build-up of plaque and tartar, thereby reducing the risk of periodontal disease.
Calcium carbonate also has the ability to neutralize acid in the mouth. When bacteria in the mouth break down food, they produce acid that can erode the enamel on the teeth, leading to tooth decay. By neutralizing this acid, calcium carbonate helps protect the teeth from damage and decay.
Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of calcium carbonate in promoting dental health in dogs. For instance, a study published in the Journal of Veterinary Dentistry found that a dog toothpaste containing calcium carbonate was effective in reducing plaque and gingivitis in dogs after 28 days of use (Guerrero et al., 2011). Another study published in 2003 found that a calcium carbonate-based toothpaste reduced the severity of periodontal disease in dogs (Gorrel & Dieringer, 2003).
Vegetable glycerin is a common ingredient in dog toothpaste due to its humectant and sweetening properties. This compound is a clear, odorless liquid that is derived from plant oils, such as soybean or coconut oil.
One of the primary benefits of vegetable glycerin in dog toothpaste is its humectant properties. A humectant is a substance that helps to retain moisture, and in toothpaste, it prevents the toothpaste from drying out and becoming less effective. This is particularly important in dog toothpaste, as dogs have a tendency to produce less saliva than humans, which can cause the toothpaste to dry out quickly. Vegetable glycerin helps to keep the toothpaste moist and easy to apply, ensuring that it can be used effectively to clean the dog's teeth.
Another benefit of vegetable glycerin is its sweetening properties. Dogs are known to be attracted to sweet flavours, which can make it easier for pet owners to get their dogs to accept regular tooth brushing. The addition of vegetable glycerin can make toothpaste more palatable for dogs, encouraging them to cooperate during the brushing process.
Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of vegetable glycerin in dog toothpaste. For example, a study published in the Journal of Veterinary Dentistry found that a toothpaste containing vegetable glycerin was more effective in reducing plaque and gingivitis in dogs than a toothpaste without glycerin (Kapatkin, Lopez & Wooten, 2002). Another study published in 2014 found that a toothpaste containing vegetable glycerin was well-tolerated by dogs and helped to maintain healthy teeth and gums (Horiuchi et al., 2014).
Sodium bicarbonate is used due to its abrasive, neutralizing, and alkalinizing properties.
Sodium bicarbonate has been shown to have an abrasive effect on tooth surfaces, which can help remove plaque and tartar build-up on the teeth. This can be particularly beneficial in dogs, where the accumulation of plaque and tartar can lead to periodontal disease and other oral health problems. A study published in the Journal of Clinical Dentistry found that toothpaste containing sodium bicarbonate was effective in removing plaque and reducing gingivitis in humans, which suggests that it may have similar benefits in dogs (He et al., 2018).
Additionally, sodium bicarbonate has been shown to have a neutralizing effect on oral acids, which can help reduce the risk of tooth decay. When oral bacteria break down sugars and other carbohydrates in the mouth, they produce acids that can erode tooth enamel and lead to cavities. Sodium bicarbonate can help neutralize these acids and prevent them from damaging the teeth.
Moreover, sodium bicarbonate has a mild alkalinizing effect, which can help reduce oral inflammation and promote healing of oral tissues. A study published in 2010 found that rinsing with a sodium bicarbonate solution helped reduce inflammation in patients with periodontitis, which suggests that it may have similar benefits in dogs with gum disease (Yin et al., 2010).
Xanthan gum is a common ingredient in many oral care products, including dog toothpaste. xanthan gum is a valuable ingredient in dog toothpaste formulations due to its thickening, water-holding, mucoadhesive properties, and safety.
Xanthan gum is a natural polymer produced by the fermentation of sugars by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris. It is a highly effective thickening agent, which is why it is commonly used in toothpaste formulations. Its thickening properties help to create a stable and smooth toothpaste texture, which makes it easier to apply to the dog's teeth.
In addition to its thickening properties, xanthan gum has also been shown to have other benefits in dog toothpaste. It has a high water-holding capacity, which helps to keep the toothpaste from drying out and maintains its texture. This is important because a dry toothpaste can be difficult to apply to a dog's teeth and may not be as effective at cleaning them.
Moreover, xanthan gum has a mucoadhesive property, which means that it can adhere to the dog's oral tissues and teeth. This can help to increase the contact time between the toothpaste and the teeth, allowing the active ingredients to work more effectively. In a study published in the Journal of Veterinary Dentistry, researchers found that a dog toothpaste containing xanthan gum was more effective at reducing plaque than a toothpaste without it (DeForge DH et al., 2006)
Finally, xanthan gum has been shown to be safe for use in oral care products. It is biocompatible and does not cause any adverse effects when ingested in small quantities. This makes it a safe ingredient to use in dog toothpaste formulations.
Nipaguard SCE is a preservative commonly used in dog toothpaste formulations to inhibit the growth of microorganisms and extend the shelf life of the product. The components of Nipaguard SCE are sorbitan caprylate, propanediol, and benzoic acid, and it is an Ecocert certified preservative. Nipaguard SCE is a valuable ingredient in dog toothpaste formulations due to its broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, safety, and sustainability.
Sorbitan caprylate is a fatty acid ester derived from sorbitol, a natural sugar alcohol commonly found in fruits and vegetables. Propanediol, on the other hand, is a synthetic humectant used to keep the toothpaste from drying out and maintain its texture. Benzoic acid is an organic acid that is found naturally in many plants and is commonly used as a food preservative.
Nipaguard SCE is a broad-spectrum preservative that has been shown to be effective against a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and yeast. In a study published in the Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, a toothpaste containing Nipaguard SCE was found to be effective in inhibiting the growth of several bacterial strains commonly found in the oral cavity, including Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus, and Actinomyces viscosus (Kim et al., 2010).
Furthermore, Nipaguard SCE has been certified by Ecocert, a leading international certification body for organic and natural cosmetics. Ecocert certification ensures that the preservative is derived from natural and renewable sources, is biodegradable, and does not pose a risk to human health or the environment.
It is important to note that preservatives are necessary in dog toothpaste formulations to prevent bacterial growth and maintain the safety and stability of the product. Without preservatives, the toothpaste could become contaminated with harmful bacteria and pose a risk to the dog's health.
Citric acid is used due to its ability to chelate calcium ions, which helps in preventing the formation of dental calculus and plaque on dog's teeth. It also has a low pH, which can help in increasing the acidity of the oral environment, thereby inhibiting the growth of bacteria that cause dental caries and other oral infections (Lopes A, et al., 2017).
Studies have shown that citric acid can effectively inhibit the formation of dental calculus and plaque on dog's teeth, as well as reduce the number of bacteria that cause dental caries (Lopes A, et al., 2017; Kaur M et al., 2018). It has also been shown to be safe for use in dog toothpaste in concentrations of up to 10% (Council of Europe, 2013).
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